Ever since humanity was born, we had to deal with many different, life threating diseases and health issues. Even the prehistoric human was trying to somehow combat with diseases, prevent it from happening and counter it at early stages. Even in the old times, humans were trying to find a cure, a treatment for different kinds of diseases and illnesses. In those old times, people had to test different kinds of herbals and medicine for different diseases to find a working stuff for each disease – that is where medical research started in a nutshell.
In modern medicine, medical discoveries are everything, the whole medical system is built on the discoveries of the past and without it, we would not have the ability to cure so many critical diseases and illnesses. If great scientists in the past did not conduct a number of tests and researches, we would not have what we call modern medicine today. If you really want to understand why medical research and tests are so important in medical industry, you should know what it means to conduct a medical research, how it helps medical industry and what is the use of different tests in the process. For this reason, here is a brief explanation.
How medical research works
Without a doubt, the process of each medical research is different and specific in its own way, but all of them follow some basic rules which involve different stages of testing and analyzing, each of it requiring different types of specialists, different types of medical engineering, different environment, and different conditions. But still, there are some common rules…
A medical research starts with choosing a test subject or in many cases many test subjects, it can be anything from a single cell, bacteria or virus to a whole living organism such as, in many cases rats or bio organism such as plants. The subject should be monitored in normal, ordinary for it an environment for some predetermined time, depending on the research itself. It can last from several days to months or even years in rare cases. After it is confirmed to be 100% suitable for the test after every little change is recorded and analyzed, the next stage of research starts.
On the next stage, step two, the environment may be changed for the test subject or it may directly receive some type of unnatural impact, like a medical material which will impact the test subject in some specific way. After that, it is again time to look for changes, the test subject is monitored in every possible way for potential changes that may happen in it, changes like positive or negative effects on a disease, or changes in the genetics of the test subject, or changes in its behaviors… There are many potential changes in every test and each of them must be monitored for a successful, effective research. Usually, the duration of monitoring after the unnatural impact stage is way more than duration before unnatural changes on step two, but in rare cases, it can be vice versa (but really rare!).
Often, when the result on the first try is not good enough or good at all, step two restarts with different or more impactful changes for the test subject, that is needed in most cases as the research usually doesn’t end well with first few tests.
Sometimes, there is also a need to change the test subject(s) or replace them with similar but somehow different test subjects. That requires to start over the test from the first step but research still is not restarted as it was never finished and there is more data at hands than when it started. So, in other words, a research starts and ends with some data, but it includes usually multiple tests which may need to start over again and again.
As we see, the research process is usually quite complex and it can also be very frustrating for many, add to that a lot of expenses, maximum control of every little details and a lot of unexpected, hard to explain results – a medical research is really a hard thing to do in many cases, but it is still very popular and common, required thing. Why? Because usually, things do NOT work the way scientists have thought, research and testing is the only way to check whenever an idea is right or wrong, the only way to discover new data that no one could ever find on purpose.